Reading. Part 4
During this lesson we’re going to learn one more rule concerning reading consonants at the very end of the word or within combination of consonants.
As you could already notice there are some pairs of consonants in Russian similar in articulation but different in “voice”:
б – п
в – ф
г – к
д – т
з – с
ж – ш
Altogether there are 6 such pairs. It’s very important to know them because when you meet б, в, г, д, з, ж at the end of the word you should pronounce them as п, ф, к, т, с, ш,
i.e. б → п, в → ф, г → к, д → т, з → с, ж → ш. You may ask – why does it happen? The answer is quite easy and clear: it’s much more easier to pronounce, you needn’t make any effort =) Let’s try together:
The same thing occurs when consonants from different columns meet together
(б, в, г, д, з, ж + п, ф, к, т, с, ш):
Are you ready for practice by yourself? Let’s go!
нож, автобус, лев, друг, ошибка, мороз, дуб, ложка, год, сказка
Now let’s make some phrases and questions:
As you can see we use in Russian only intonation while asking general questions, no other words are used. In this case intonation goes up.